Mind Over Sports

Posts Tagged ‘Psycho Cybernetics

About every fifty years, science seems to come up with a new approach to performance enhancement training for athletes.  The last one happened in 1960 when Dr. Maxwell Maltz wrote a book called Psycho Cybernetics that has subsequently sold more than 50 million copies worldwide.   Many consider Maltz’s book to be the bible of the self-image industry

However, I’ve found that Dr. Maltz was not exactly on target.  When he introduced his book, it became the prototype of visualization techniques and has since been adopted worldwide by colleges, universities and even the Olympics.

According to a book review by Michael C. Gray, “One of Maltz’s key concepts was the Theater of the Mind, or synthetic experience. Here is an example of how it works. There are three teams of basketball players. One team practices making free throws. The second team doesn’t practice. The third team sits on a bench and mentally practices making free throws. When the three teams are tested, the team that practiced out-scores the team that didn’t practice. However, the team that mentally practiced performs nearly as well as the team that actually practiced. Maltz found he could actually improve performance by helping an individual mentally ‘see’ himself or herself doing the activity perfectly.”

But here is where Dr. Maltz and I differ.

While he felt that performance could be improved for everyone by helping individuals to mentally “see” themselves doing an activity perfectly (otherwise known as visualization), I’ve found that this type of exercise is totally ineffective if individuals are keeping their feelings and issues bottled up inside themselves.  These feelings and issues must first be addressed and resolved (or begin the process of resolving them) before visualization will be effective.

Few are aware of the dominant role self-esteem plays in achieving the results you want to achieve in your life.  People with high self-esteem are effective “visualizers” while those with low self-esteem are not.  Individuals with high self-esteem are not encumbered with psychological baggage and unresolved issues because they confront their issues directly, while those with low self-esteem do not.

There’s even a correlation between high self-esteem and wellness, and low self-esteem and illness.

One of the main issues affecting self-esteem and preventing effective visualization, and probably the most common, is when individuals withhold their feelings. This “withholding” is a form of lying that demeans them and lowers their self-esteem.  As their self-esteem is lowered they take fewer risks in interpersonal relationships, creating psychological baggage that affects their ability to focus and process information.  This is often found in young school children who come from dysfunctional home environments.

So the first step in this new paradigm is to vent your feelings and not keep them bottled-up.  And the next step involves the use of “Power Videos.”  Simply put, Power Videos are highlight videos of an individual athlete or an entire team presented in real time with portions in slow motion to create a dream effect, accompanied by a music soundtrack that has highly emotional lyrics that have special meaning to the athlete.

In order to provide an example, following is a link that shows a Division I men’s basketball team’s Power Video that was used before their first game in an NCAA post-season tournament.  One player is featured in the video (along with his teammates) and in that first game the team shot 52% accuracy and the player scored 36 points.   The link is: http://youtu.be/CKLmxV5Bkyw

So in closing, the secret to this new paradigm is to first make sure you’re unencumbered with personal and team related baggage, and then create your own Power Video to enhance your performance.

When you’re happy and your life is in harmony, you’ll perform better.  But when you’re unhappy and your life is in disharmony, you won’t.  And this applies, not only to sports, but to life itself.

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“Observations that contradict existing wisdom often lead toward, not away, from the truth.” – Anonymous

In 1960, Dr. Maxwell Maltz wrote “Psycho Cybernetics” – a runaway best seller, and in it he introduced the concept of visualization, which subsequently was embraced by universities and colleges across this nation who were offering PhDs in sport psychology. In his book, Dr. Maltz wrote of the “Theatre of the Mind” and maintained that if individuals were to visualize something in their lives, it will take place, regardless of what is happening in their personal lives.

I must not be a very persuasive person because for the past 26 years I’ve tried unsuccessfully to convince others of something that I accidentally stumbled upon. That is, if an athlete is encumbered with unresolved issues and/or problems in his or her personal life, visualization techniques are totally ineffective. And in 1987, I read something in the media that absolutely convinced me I was on the right track. It involved one of golf’s greatest visualizers, Tom Watson. Here’s what happened: Rumors were floating around about Tom Watson’s personal life during the 1987 U.S. Open Golf Tournament. After an opening round of 72, he called a press conference and announced he was not an alcoholic, he was not divorcing his wife, and he was not firing his brother-in-law as his agent. Whatever impression his declaration made on sportswriters, he cleared the issues from his head and focused on golf. The next day he shot an outstanding 65 and finished runner-up in the tournament.

I think the main reason I’ve been unable to get this fact across to the general public is because our educational institutions are teaching otherwise. At the present time, if you have a degree in sport psychology and attempt to help an athlete with his or her personal issues you could lose your license. The reason for this is that you would be entering the domain of the clinical psychologist, which is taboo since the field of psychology is very territorial. My recommendation is that when our universities and colleges award a student with a PhD in sport psychology, they should, simultaneously, require that the student also have a masters degree in counseling. This will enable the student to help athletes with their personal problems and issues without losing his or her license. But for change to come about, our universities and colleges would be required to acknowledge they have erred over the past 52 years, and I really doubt that will happen.

“Psycho Self-Imagery” is the first new approach to the use of visualization techniques since the publishing of “Psycho Cybernetics” by Dr. Maxwell Maltz in 1960, a book that has subsequently sold more than 50 million copies worldwide. Many consider Maltz’s book to be the bible of the self-image industry

However, I’ve found that Dr.Maltz was not exactly on target. When he introduced his now famous “Theater of the Mind” first mentioned in his book “Psycho Cybernetics,” it became the prototype of visualization techniques worldwide.

According to a book review by Michael C. Gray, “One of Maltz’s key concepts was the Theater of the Mind, or synthetic experience. Here is an example of how it works. There are three teams of basketball players. One team practices making free throws. The second team doesn’t practice. The third team sits on a bench and mentally practices making free throws. When the three teams are tested, the team that practiced out-scores the team that didn’t practice. However, the team that mentally practiced performs nearly as well as the team that actually practiced. Maltz found he could actually improve performance by helping an individual mentally ‘see’ himself or herself doing the activity perfectly.”

But here is where Dr. Maltz and I part ways. While he felt that performance could be improved for everyone by helping individuals to mentally “see” themselves doing an activity perfectly (otherwise known as visualization), I’ve found that this type of exercise is totally ineffective if individuals are keeping their feelings and issues bottled up inside themselves. These feelings and issues must first be addressed and resolved (or begin the process of resolving them) before visualization will be effective.

Few are aware of the dominant role self-esteem plays in achieving the results you want to achieve in your life. People with high self-esteem are effective “visualizers” while those with low self-esteem are not. Individuals with high self-esteem are not encumbered with psychological baggage and unresolved issues because they confront their issues directly, while those with low self-esteem do not.

One of the main issues affecting self-esteem and preventing effective visualization, and probably the most common, is when individuals withhold their feelings. This “withholding” is a form of lying that demeans them and lowers their self-esteem. As their self-esteem is lowered they take fewer risks in interpersonal relationships, creating psychological baggage for themselves that affects their ability to focus and process information.


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